Histology and cytology

Cervical cancer screening

Even if a woman has no complaints it is advisable to be screened for gynecological cancers annually. Cervical cancer can be screened with the greatest reliability. This is done by cytological examination of the smear obtained from the surface of the cervix and the cervical canal. According to our current knowledge, cervical cancer develops in the case of HPV (human papillomavirus) infection. Since the introduction of HPV vaccine and the development of HPV screening methods that supplement the traditional gynecological examination, screening for cervical cancer has somewhat changed. We make use of the benefits of HPV vaccination and focus on cervical cancer prevention. However, primary prevention (i.e. vaccination) does not do away with the need for regular smear tests, so all sexually active women are recommended to see a gynecologist once a year even if they have no symptoms. Women who were found to have developed precancerous conditions at earlier tests should see the gynecologist more frequently irrespective of whether they have had cone biopsy or not. Cone biopsy is a minor operation generally performed under local anesthetic, where the doctor cuts out a cone of tissue from the cervix. Women who experienced other gynecological tumors or smoke or had other sexually transmitted disease (particularly the high-risk HPV infection and HIV infection) should also be seen more frequently.

The Genetic Diagnostic Centre accepts smears sent in by contracted gynecologists for cytological and HPV testing.


The Genetic Diagnostic Centre offers microscopic histological and, if necessary, immuno-histochemical testing of human tissues.