Our laboratory offers an all-in-one test for viruses necessary for freezing cord blood:
Cytomegalovirus: CMV IgM and IgG
Cytomegalovirus is responsible for the largest number of intrauterine infections. Mothers who have been previously exposed to CMV infection may become infected again, so they are not immune to CMV. However, if a mother is infected for the first time there is a greater risk (about 40%) that the virus is passed on to the baby. Screening for CMV virus involves testing for IgM and IgG antibodies. IgM indicates a current (active) infection, while IgG indicates a previous infection.
Hepatitis B: HBsAg and anti-HBc
The incidence of hepatitis B infection is between 0.2% and 20% worldwide. Transmission to the fetus by an infected mother is rare. Pregnant mothers are routinely tested for HVB in week 16 (HBsAg test). If cord blood is to be frozen the test is repeated before childbirth, and at this time anti-HBc is also checked. Hepatitis B infection can be prevented by vaccination.
Hepatitis C: anti HCV
In Hungary there are currently about 100,000 persons carrying HCV, the virus most commonly responsible for chronic hepatitis. The most vulnerable groups are patients who had transplant surgery and injecting drug users. Unfortunately there is no vaccine against HCV as yet.
Syphilis is one of the most widely known sexually transmitted diseases (STD). It is caused by a bacterium, so with the advent of antibiotics it has been on the wane.
The prevalence of HIV infection in Hungary is of medium severity, the number of infected persons being in the magnitude of thousands. HIV spreads mainly among injecting drug users and homosexuals but can also be transmitted heterosexually. Prevalence does not require routine testing.